Drug addiction is a state that is characterized by an uncontrollable desire for the drug despite the long lasting changes in the brain and harmful consequences. Drug addiction is also a relapsing disease that pushes the user to return to drug use after an earlier attempt to stop using the said drug. The path to addiction starts with a voluntary act of taking drugs but the individual’s ability to choose when to take drugs gets compromised due to the long-term drug effects on brain function.
The long-term drug effect makes seeking and taking drugs a compulsive feeling. The addiction affects the parts of the brain involved in learning and memory, reward and motivation and behavior control. Luckily, drug addiction can be treated with repeated or long-term care in order to completely stop using the drugs. Drug addiction treatment helps addicted individuals to stop using drugs, stay drug-free and become productive at work, in the family, and in the society. A successful addiction treatment involves several steps that include detoxification, medication, behavioral counseling, and evaluation and treatment for mental issues as well as the long-term follow-up to prevent relapse.
The common drug addiction treatments
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the highly used drug addiction therapy since it was founded by Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s. The CBT helps individuals address problematic feelings and thoughts that come with addiction. The CBT drug treatment method allows the recovering individuals to find connections between their feelings, thoughts, and actions. The method is also used to treat co-occurring disorders such as bipolar disorder, anxiety, attention deficit disorder (ADD), eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Biofeedback: Biofeedback is another popular drug addiction treatment method that helps individuals gain control over their body and mind during treatment. During the treatment, electronic sensors are put on the skin of the addict to give medical professionals with bio signs of the patient. The feedback is relayed to the professionals in the form of images, pulsing sounds or flashes of light. The information collected enables the professionals to learn how the body responds to stressful situations like cravings and withdrawals. The biofeedback treatment method tracks body functions such as heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, skin temperature, muscle contractions and sweating.
Holistic Therapy: The holistic treatment therapy is a non-medicinal method that is used to bring the body, mind, and spirit into alignment. The holistic treatment options vary from one institution to another and can include spiritual therapy, yoga, routine exercise, Tai chi, proper nutrition, acupuncture, art therapy, massage therapy, and counseling. The treatment is usually personalized and focuses on the physical, mental and nutritional health.
When choosing the right drug addiction treatment center, it is important to ensure that the program includes the development of specific cognitive skills to help addicts adjust attitudes and beliefs that lead to drug abuse.